Seminar: International collaboration in green energy technologies: the role of distance in policy stringency
Abstract: This paper investigates the intensity of international collaborations in energy-related technologies across OECD and BRIICS countries, by looking at the role of distance as a potential obstacle to green energy co-patenting. In particular, it aims at disentangling the importance of the distance in environmental policy stringency between countries controlling for more traditional measures of technological, social and geographical distance. The analysis relies upon an original dataset, with data over the period 1995-2014. The results show that the distance between countries in the stringency of environmental policy – particularly with reference to standards, deposit refund schemes and trading schemes - negatively affects the intensity of technological collaborations in energy-related technologies. We also find that while the availability of local technological capabilities positively affects the intensity of international collaborations, if two countries are too distant in terms of technological development, the co-patenting activity is hindered. Finally, the intensity of collaborations is particularly strong between OECD countries, while the involvement of BRIICS countries represents an obstacle to international co-patenting activity.
is Lecturer in Applied Economics at Bocconi University and Research Fellow at ICRIOS (Invernizzi Center for Research on Innovation, Organization, Strategy and Entrepreneurship), Bocconi University. She obtained a PhD in Economics and Management of Innovation at the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and an MSc in Science and Technology Policy at SPRU, University of Sussex. Her main research interests concern the diffusion of innovations and industrial dynamics - particularly in ICT industries and service sectors – and the emergence of eco-innovations in the framework of sustainable development. She has published in international journals such as Research Policy, Regional Studies, Industry and Innovation, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Technological Forecasting and Social Change.